The Health Ministry of Lesotho said the country is on alert for the current Monkey Pox epidemic.
According to a ministry statement, the National Risk Reaction Team (NRRT) will undertake a risk assessment and build a contingency plan, which will be conveyed to District Health management Officials for their readiness and response.
The health ministry has obtained word from the WHO concerning the emergence of Monkey Pox in different parts of the world. It is stated to be endemic in West, East, and Central Africa, with at least 150 cases documented to date impacting different non-endemic nations.
It adds that this renders it a highly rare incident that deserves vigilance.
In the meanwhile, WHO has created key messages and suggested response strategies for health professionals and the public.
WHO recommended that countries with instances continue rigorous public health actions.
Case searching and local rash sickness surveillance should be improved in the impacted and wider population as well as different levels of health care facilities. Any person with probable monkeypox should be evaluated, isolated, and treated during prodromal and rash phases of the illness.
Other nations should be on the lookout for individuals with an uncommon pustular or vesicular rash and fever in fever clinics, primary care, dermatology clinics and sexual health services. Travelers should report sickness during or after travel to a health practitioner, including travel and vaccination history.
Residents and travellers to endemic nations should avoid diseased animals (dead or living) that potentially contain the Monkey Pox virus (primates, rodents and marsupials) including wild game (bushmeat). Emphasize hand cleanliness with water and soap or alcohol-based sanitizer.
Health personnel taking care of patients with confirmed or suspected monkeypox should practise conventional touch and droplet infection prevention procedures. Samples from living creatures with suspected monkeypox should be handled by competent workers in well-equipped labs.
Monkeypox is a virus-caused illness. Monkeypox virus is in the Orthopoxvirus genus with smallpox and the smallpox vaccine virus, vaccinia.
A person gets monkeypox from an infected object, a human or animal. The virus enters through damaged skin, the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth and the eyes or the respiratory tract .